Change Conditions that Affect an Entity’s Facility Clearance

A Facility Clearance (FCL) is a crucial aspect for DoD contractors working with classified information in the United States. Governed by the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency (DCSA), FCLs ensure that a company is eligible to access classified information. However, maintaining an FCL is not a static process. Various change conditions can significantly impact an organization’s FCL status, which is why organizations must be able to understand and manage these conditions effectively.

Legal Structure 

Changes in a company’s business structure, such as a Corporation becoming a Limited Liability Company, can trigger a reassessment of its FCL status. This includes structure changes that result from mergers, acquisitions, and significant alterations in the organizational hierarchy. When a company undergoes such changes, it must notify DCSA promptly. The rationale behind this requirement is to ensure that any new business arrangements do not introduce security risks. For instance, a merger might bring in new personnel or stakeholders who haven’t been vetted for security clearances, thereby potentially compromising the entity’s ability to handle classified information securely.


Relocation of a company’s facility is another critical factor that can affect its FCL. When a DoD contractor moves to a new location, DCSA needs to ensure that the new premises meet all the security requirements necessary. For Possessing Facilities, this includes evaluating physical security measures, secure communication lines, and access controls before the move. Non-possessing facilities must report any change of address to DCSA immediately after the move so the Industrial Security Representative (ISR) has the correct address to conduct their security reviews.

Key Management Personnel

Key Management Personnel (KMP) are individuals in positions of authority who are critical to maintaining the security posture of a company. Changes in KMP, such as the appointment of a new CEO, CFO, Member, Manager, or Facility Security Officer (FSO), must be reported to DCSA. These individuals must undergo background checks and receive appropriate security clearances. DCSA scrutinizes these changes to ensure that new KMPs do not pose a security risk and are capable of upholding the entity’s security obligations or are formally excluded from the need to possess a Personnel Clearance (PCL). 

Foreign Ownership, Control, or Influence (FOCI) 

Foreign Ownership, Control, or Influence (FOCI) is a significant factor in determining FCL eligibility. DoD contractors must report any changes that affect their FOCI status. This could include new foreign investors, changes in the level of foreign control, new contractual agreements with foreign entities, or new foreign employees. DCSA assesses these changes to determine whether they pose a threat to national security. In some cases, mitigation measures, such as a Special Security Agreement (SSA), might be required to address FOCI concerns and allow the organization to maintain its FCL.


Changes in ownership, including the acquisition of the company by new shareholders or the transfer of ownership stakes, must also be reported to DCSA. New owners are subject to the same rigorous vetting process as existing stakeholders. This ensures that all owners are trustworthy and do not present a risk to the entity’s ability to manage classified information. DCSA must evaluate and approve any ownership changes to maintain the organization’s FCL.

Operating Name

Company legal or operating name changes must be reported to DCSA immediately after the change has been made effective. This includes notifying DCSA of a new Fictitious Name or Doing Business As (DBA) name. DCSA will evaluate and approve the change in operating name to maintain the defense contractor’s FCL.

FCL Termination

When a cleared contractor no longer has active classified contracts awarded, has gone out of business, or ceased to operate for any reason, DCSA must be notified immediately. Once notified, the ISR will proceed with the actions of terminating the FCL.


Should the company experience bankruptcy, the ISR is to be notified directly immediately. It is important to include the type of bankruptcy, documentation, and contact information to ensure the ISR has everything needed to evaluate the change.  

Reporting and Compliance

Entities are required to report any of these changes to DCSA immediately. Failure to do so can result in invalidation or termination of their FCL, which would impede their ability to work on classified contracts. Regular training and awareness programs for personnel involved in security and compliance can ensure timely and accurate reporting of these changes.

DoD contractors must also maintain continuous compliance with all DCSA regulations and undergo annual self-inspections and periodic security reviews. This ongoing oversight helps to ensure that all aspects of their operations remain secure and that they are capable of protecting classified information effectively.

Maintaining an FCL involves more than just initial approval; it requires ongoing diligence and compliance with DCSA regulations as they significantly impact an entity’s FCL status. By understanding these change conditions and promptly reporting them to DCSA, DoD contractors can ensure they remain in good standing and continue to protect national security interests.

IsI’s Managed Security Services can help organizations navigate these complexities. With our expertise, companies can maintain compliance with DCSA regulations, manage security changes effectively, and ensure the protection of classified information. We offer comprehensive Managed Security Services and FCL Services that support entities in handling security requirements, reporting changes, and mitigating risks associated with FCL maintenance. Partnering with IsI ensures that your security posture remains robust and compliant, protecting your ability to work with classified information seamlessly.