Government Contractors and Facility Security Clearances

In the world of government contracting, access to classified information is often a necessity. To ensure the protection of national security, the U.S. government requires contractors to obtain Facility Security Clearances (FCLs) before they can work on classified projects. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the process of obtaining an FCL, its significance, and the challenges it poses to government contractors.

Understanding Facility Security Clearance (FCL)

A Facility Security Clearance is a formal authorization granted by the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency (DCSA) to a contractor allowing them to access, store, and/or transmit classified information at a specific facility. Classified information can encompass a range of data, from government plans to defense-related technologies.

The Importance of FCLs

The primary purpose of FCLs is to ensure that only trustworthy individuals and organizations have access to classified information. This is critical to safeguarding national security interests and preventing potential leaks of classified data. Government contractors with FCLs play a vital role in various sectors, including defense, aerospace, intelligence, and cybersecurity.

The Process of Obtaining an FCL

Application: The process begins when a contractor is sponsored for an FCL. This involves the government customer or cleared contractor submitting detailed information about the company, its key personnel, and the nature of classified work to be performed. Once the sponsorship application is approved, the contractor is required to submit various information and documentation regarding their business.

Investigation: DCSA’s Facility Clearance Branch (FCB) conducts a thorough investigation into the company’s history, business structure, key personnel, and foreign influences. This investigation is vital to assess the contractor’s trustworthiness.

Key Management Personnel Clearances: During the investigation process, FCB will confirm which key personnel must be cleared in connection with the FCL. Those key personnel who do not have a favorable personnel clearance eligibility verifiable in the Defense Information System for Security (DISS), or whose clearance is not in scope, will be required to submit an SF86 and fingerprints.

Facility Evaluation: An Industrial Security Representative (ISR) from DCSA visits the contractor’s facility address to ensure the key personnel understand requirements associated with an FCL. If applying for the ability to safeguard at the facility’s address, the physical security measures required to ensure that classified information is adequately protected from unauthorized access will be assessed.

Notification: If the FCL is approved, the contractor is notified, and they can begin working on classified projects.

Challenges Faced by Contractors

Obtaining an FCL can be a complex and time-consuming process. Contractors may encounter challenges such as:

  • Stringent Requirements: The government’s standards for granting FCLs are rigorous, which can make the application process demanding. If the documentation and information submitted throughout the process does not meet the standards, the packages will be rejected which extends the timeline for a final determination to be made.
  • Delays: Personnel Clearance investigations can take months to complete, causing delays in project timelines.
  • Security Costs: If applying as a Possessing Facility, Contractors often need to invest in enhanced security measures to meet the government’s requirements, leading to increased operational costs.
  • Competition: FCLs can give contractors a competitive advantage, but the stringent process can also deter potential competitors.


Facility Security Clearances are essential to maintaining the integrity of classified information within government contracts. While the process of obtaining an FCL can be challenging, it’s a vital step towards ensuring national security. Government contractors willing to invest the time, effort, and resources into obtaining and maintaining FCLs play a crucial role in safeguarding classified information and contributing to various sectors that serve the nation’s interests.